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Python库 - Pytorch 模型的网络结构可视化 pytorchviz
Keras 中 keras.summary() 即可很好的将模型结构可视化,但 Pytorch 暂还没有提供网络模...
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2018/09

Python库 - Pytorch 模型的网络结构可视化 pytorchviz

Keras 中 keras.summary() 即可很好的将模型结构可视化,但 Pytorch 暂还没有提供网络模型可视化的工具.

Github 中的 pytorchviz 可以很不错的画出 Pytorch 模型网络结构.

create visualizations of PyTorch execution graphs and traces.

  • 安装:
sudo pip install graphviz
# 或
sudo pip install git+https://github.com/szagoruyko/pytorchviz

模型可视化函数 - make_dot()

https://github.com/szagoruyko/pytorchviz/blob/master/torchviz/dot.py

    import torch
    from torch.autograd import Variable

    from graphviz import Digraph

    def make_dot(var, params=None):
        """
        画出 PyTorch 自动梯度图 autograd graph 的 Graphviz 表示.
        蓝色节点表示有梯度计算的变量Variables;
        橙色节点表示用于 torch.autograd.Function 中的 backward 的张量 Tensors.

        Args:
            var: output Variable
            params: dict of (name, Variable) to add names to node that
                require grad (TODO: make optional)
        """
        if params is not None:
            assert all(isinstance(p, Variable) for p in params.values())
            param_map = {id(v): k for k, v in params.items()}

        node_attr = dict(style='filled', shape='box', align='left',
                                  fontsize='12', ranksep='0.1', height='0.2')
        dot = Digraph(node_attr=node_attr, graph_attr=dict(size="12,12"))
        seen = set()

        def size_to_str(size):
            return '(' + (', ').join(['%d' % v for v in size]) + ')'

        output_nodes = (var.grad_fn,) if not isinstance(var, tuple) else tuple(v.grad_fn for v in var)

        def add_nodes(var):
            if var not in seen:
                if torch.is_tensor(var):
                    # note: this used to show .saved_tensors in pytorch0.2, but stopped
                    # working as it was moved to ATen and Variable-Tensor merged
                    dot.node(str(id(var)), size_to_str(var.size()), fillcolor='orange')
                elif hasattr(var, 'variable'):
                    u = var.variable
                    name = param_map[id(u)] if params is not None else ''
                    node_name = '%s\n %s' % (name, size_to_str(u.size()))
                    dot.node(str(id(var)), node_name, fillcolor='lightblue')
                elif var in output_nodes:
                    dot.node(str(id(var)), str(type(var).__name__), fillcolor='darkolivegreen1')
                else:
                    dot.node(str(id(var)), str(type(var).__name__))
                seen.add(var)
                if hasattr(var, 'next_functions'):
                    for u in var.next_functions:
                        if u[0] is not None:
                            dot.edge(str(id(u[0])), str(id(var)))
                            add_nodes(u[0])
                if hasattr(var, 'saved_tensors'):
                    for t in var.saved_tensors:
                        dot.edge(str(id(t)), str(id(var)))
                        add_nodes(t)

        # 多输出场景 multiple outputs
        if isinstance(var, tuple):
            for v in var:
                add_nodes(v.grad_fn)
        else:
            add_nodes(var.grad_fn)

        resize_graph(dot)

        return dot

Demo - MLP

https://github.com/szagoruyko/pytorchviz/blob/master/examples.ipynb
python2.7

    import torch
    from torch import nn
    from torchviz import make_dot

    model = nn.Sequential()
    model.add_module('W0', nn.Linear(8, 16))
    model.add_module('tanh', nn.Tanh())
    model.add_module('W1', nn.Linear(16, 1))

    x = torch.randn(1,8)

    vis_graph = make_dot(model(x), params=dict(model.named_parameters()))
    vise_graph.view()

Demo - AlexNet

    import torch
    from torch import nn
    from torchviz import make_dot

    from torchvision.models import AlexNet

    model = AlexNet()

    x = torch.randn(1, 3, 227, 227).requires_grad_(True)
    y = model(x)
    vis_graph = make_dot(y, params=dict(list(model.named_parameters()) + [('x', x)]))
    vise_graph.view()

模型参数打印

    import torch
    from torch import nn
    from torchviz import make_dot

    from torchvision.models import AlexNet

    model = AlexNet()

    x = torch.randn(1, 3, 227, 227).requires_grad_(True)
    y = model(x)

    params = list(model.parameters())
    k = 0
    for i in params:
            l = 1
            print("该层的结构:" + str(list(i.size())))
            for j in i.size():
                    l *= j
            print("该层参数和:" + str(l))
            k = k + l
    print("总参数数量和:" + str(k))
输出如下:
    该层的结构:[64, 3, 11, 11]
    该层参数和:23232
    该层的结构:[64]
    该层参数和:64
    该层的结构:[192, 64, 5, 5]
    该层参数和:307200
    该层的结构:[192]
    该层参数和:192
    该层的结构:[384, 192, 3, 3]
    该层参数和:663552
    该层的结构:[384]
    该层参数和:384
    该层的结构:[256, 384, 3, 3]
    该层参数和:884736
    该层的结构:[256]
    该层参数和:256
    该层的结构:[256, 256, 3, 3]
    该层参数和:589824
    该层的结构:[256]
    该层参数和:256
    该层的结构:[4096, 9216]
    该层参数和:37748736
    该层的结构:[4096]
    该层参数和:4096
    该层的结构:[4096, 4096]
    该层参数和:16777216
    该层的结构:[4096]
    该层参数和:4096
    该层的结构:[1000, 4096]
    该层参数和:4096000
    该层的结构:[1000]
    该层参数和:1000
    总参数数量和:1000
Last modification:October 9th, 2018 at 04:24 pm

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